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技术常识

洛氏硬度、布氏硬度等硬度对照表和换算方法

来源:时代集团 发布日期:2020-06-09 13:13:33

 

YI、YINGDUJIANJIE:YINGDUBIAOSHICAILIAODIKANGYINGWUTIYARUQIBIAOMIANDENENGLI。TASHIJINSHUCAILIAODEZHONGYAOXINGNENGZHIBIAOZHIYI。YIBANYINGDUYUEGAO,NAIMOXINGYUEHAO。CHANGYONGDEYINGDUZHIBIAOYOUBUSHIYINGDU、LUOSHIYINGDUHEWEISHIYINGDU。

 

1. BUSHIYINGDU(HB)YIYIDINGDEZAIHE(YIBAN3000kg)BAYIDINGDAXIAO(ZHIJINGYIBANWEI10mm)DECUIYINGGANGQIUYARUCAILIAOBIAOMIAN,BAOCHIYIDUANSHIJIAN,QUZAIHOU,FUHEYUQIYAHENMIANJIZHIBIZHI,JIWEIBUSHIYINGDUZHI(HB),DANWEIWEIGONGJINLI/mm2 (N/mm2)。

 

众盈彩票注册2. LUOSHIYINGDU(HR)DANGHB>450HUOZHESHIYANGGUOXIAOSHI,BUNENGCAIYONGBUSHIYINGDUSHIYANERGAIYONGLUOSHIYINGDUJILIANG。TASHIYONGYIGEDINGJIAO120°DEJINGANGSHIYUANZHUITIHUOZHIJINGWEI1.59、3.18mmDEGANGQIU,ZAIYIDINGZAIHEXIAYARUBEICECAILIAOBIAOMIAN,YOUYAHENDESHENDUQIUCHUCAILIAODEYINGDU。GENJUSHIYANCAILIAOYINGDUDEBUTONG,FENSANZHONGBUTONGDEBIAODULAIBIAOSHI:

 

      • HRA:SHICAIYONG60kgZAIHEHEZUANSHIZHUIYARUQIQIUDEDEYINGDU,YONGYUYINGDUJIGAODECAILIAO(RUYINGZHIHEJINDENG)。

      • HRB:SHICAIYONG100kgZAIHEHEZHIJING1.58mmCUIYINGDEGANGQIU,QIUDEDEYINGDU,YONGYUYINGDUJIAODIDECAILIAO(RUTUIHUOGANG、ZHUTIEDENG)。

      • HRC:SHICAIYONG150kgZAIHEHEZUANSHIZHUIYARUQIQIUDEDEYINGDU,YONGYUYINGDUHENGAODECAILIAO(RUCUIHUOGANGDENG)。

 

3. WEISHIYINGDU(HV)YI120kgYINEIDEZAIHEHEDINGJIAOWEI136°DEJINGANGSHIFANGXINGZHUIYARUQIYARUCAILIAOBIAOMIAN,YONGCAILIAOYAHENAOKENGDEBIAOMIANJICHUYIZAIHEZHI,JIWEIWEISHIYINGDUHVZHI(kgf/mm2)。

 

ZHU:LUOSHIYINGDUZHONGHRA、HRB、HRCDENGZHONGDEA、B、CWEISANZHONGBUTONGDEBIAOZHUN,CHENGWEIBIAOCHIA、BIAOCHIB、BIAOCHIC。 LUOSHIYINGDUSHIYANSHIXIANJINSUOSHIYONGDEJIZHONGPUTONGYAHENYINGDUSHIYANZHIYI,SANZHONGBIAOCHIDECHUSHIYALIJUNWEI98.07N(HE10kgf),ZUIHOUGENJUYAHENSHENDUJISUANYINGDUZHI。BIAOCHIASHIYONGDESHIQIUZHUILINGXINGYATOU,RANHOUJIAYAZHI588.4N(HE60kgf);BIAOCHIBSHIYONGDESHIZHIJINGWEI1.588mm(1/16YINGCUN)DEGANGQIUZUOWEIYATOU,RANHOUJIAYAZHI980.7N(HE100kgf);ERBIAOCHICSHIYONGYUBIAOCHIAXIANGTONGDEQIUZHUILINGXINGZUOWEIYATOU,DANJIAYAHOUDELISHI1471N(HE150kgf)。YINCIBIAOCHIBSHIYONGXIANGDUIJIAORUANDECAILIAO,ERBIAOCHICSHIYONGJIAOYINGDECAILIAO。SHIJIANZHENGMING,JINSHUCAILIAODEGEZHONGYINGDUZHIZHIJIAN,YINGDUZHIYUQIANGDUZHIZHIJIANJUYOUJINSIDEXIANGYINGGUANXI。YINWEIYINGDUZHISHIYOUQISHISUXINGBIANXINGKANGLIHEJIXUSUXINGBIANXINGKANGLIJUEDINGDE,CAILIAODEQIANGDUYUEGAO,SUXINGBIANXINGKANGLIYUEGAO,YINGDUZHIYEJIUYUEGAO。DANGEZHONGCAILIAODEHUANSUANGUANXIBINGBUYIZHI。

 

YINGDUSHIYANSHIJIXIEXINGNENGSHIYANZHONGZUIJIANDANYIXINGDEYIZHONGSHIYANFANGFA。WEILENENGYONGYINGDUSHIYANDAITIMOUXIEJIXIEXINGNENGSHIYAN,SHENGCHANSHANGXUYAOYIGEBIJIAOZHUNQUEDEYINGDUHEQIANGDUDEHUANSUANGUANXI。SHIJIANZHENGMING,JINSHUCAILIAODEGEZHONGYINGDUZHIZHIJIAN,YINGDUZHIYUQIANGDUZHIZHIJIANJUYOUJINSIDEXIANGYINGGUANXI。YINWEIYINGDUZHISHIYOUQISHISUXINGBIANXINGKANGLIHEJIXUSUXINGBIANXINGKANGLIJUEDINGDE,CAILIAODEQIANGDUYUEGAO,SUXINGBIANXINGKANGLIYUEGAO,YINGDUZHIYEJIUYUEGAO。

 

众盈彩票注册SAN、YINGDUHUANSUANGONGSHI1. XIAOSHIYINGDU(HS)=BOSHIYINGDU(BHN)/10+122. XIAOSHIYINGDU(HS)=LUOSHIYINGDU(HRC)+153. BOSHIYINGDU(BHN)= LUOKESHIYINGDU(HV)4. LUOSHIYINGDU(HRC)= BOSHIYINGDU(BHN)/10-3

 

众盈彩票注册LIYONGBUSHIYINGDUYAHENZHIJINGZHIJIEHUANSUANCHUGONGJIANDELUOSHIYINGDUZAISHENGCHANXIANCHANG,YOUYUSHOUJIANCEYIQIDEXIANZHI,JINGCHANGSHIYONGBUSHIYINGDUJICELIANGDAXINGCUIHUOJIANDEYINGDU。RUGUOXIANGZHIDAOGAIGONGJIANDELUOSHIYINGDUZHI,TONGCHANGDEFANGFASHI,XIANCELIANGCHUBUSHIYINGDUZHI,RANHOUGENJUHUANSUANBIAO,CHACHUXIANGDUIYINGDELUOSHIYINGDUZHI,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIXIANRANYOUXIEFANSUO。NEIME,NENGFOUGENJUBUSHIYINGDUJIDEYAHENZHIJING,ZHIJIEJISUANCHUGONGJIANDELUOSHIYINGDUZHINI?DAANDANGRANSHIKENDINGDE。GENJUBUSHIYINGDUHELUOSHIYINGDUHUANSUANBIAO,KEGUINACHUYIGEJISUANJIANDANQIERONGYIJIZHUDEJINGYANGONGSHI:HRC =(479-100D)/4,QIZHONGDWEIΦ10mmGANGQIUYATOUZAI30KNYALIXIAYAZAIGONGJIANSHANGDEYAHENZHIJINGCELIANGZHI。GAIGONGSHIJISUANCHUDEZHIYUHUANSUANZHIDEWUCHAZAI0.5 ~ -1FANWEINEI,GAIGONGSHIZAIXIANCHANGYONGQILAISHIFENFANGBIAN,NINBUFANGSHIYISHI。

 

(LAIYUAN:WANGLUO)

 

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